What is Deep Brain Stimulation Therapy?
Deep brain stimulation, commonly abbreviated as DBS, is a treatment that provides help for individuals who are suffering with a neurological disorder that inhibits their normal motor functions. DBS can help individuals regain control over everyday movements and motions that have been disabled or compromised by neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor, dystonia, or some types of obsessive-compulsive disorder.
How does DBS work?
Deep brain stimulation is made possible through the insertion of a small neurological stimulation system. This system is surgically implanted in the patient but can later be programmed and adjusted without any additional surgeries.
There are three parts to the neurological stimulation system: an implant pulse generator, a connection wire, and one or more leads.
The implant pulse generator is inserted into the clavicle area of the patient’s chest. It is comparable to a pacemaker in concept.
The connection wire is a very thin, flexible wire that connects the implant pulse generator to the brain area.
One or more leads compromise the third and final part of the neurological stimulation system. These leads are implanted in different areas of the brain depending on what neurological disorder is being treated. To treat Parkinson’s disease or dystonia, for example, bilateral leads would be attached to the internal globus pallidus or subthalamic nucleus. Treatment for essential tremor, however, would require unilateral leads to be attached to the ventral intermediate nucleus of the thalamus.
Once the surgery is complete and all three components of the neurological stimulation system are in place, small, electrical pulsations can be sent from the implant pulse generator, through the connection wire and into the brain. Adjustments can be made without additional surgeries to better fit the individual needs of each patient.
These pulsations allow the brain to function as it normally would to complete day-to-day movements. A high majority of patients experience a remarkable improvement in their normal motor functions. DBS treatment provides patients with a way to experience a more enjoyable and comfortable life.
How Can Deep Brian Stimulation Help Me?
For more information on how deep brain stimulation treatment can help you or someone you know, please contact our office.
Salt Lake City
82 South 1100 East, Suite 103
Salt Lake City, Utah 84102
3110 W 300 N, Suite A
West Point, Utah 84015